« Africa »

Africa is an amazing continent to visit, the cradle of Humankind. It has a total of 54 countries with a total population of 1.1 billion people. The most spoken languages in Africa are Arabic, Somali, Berber, Amharic, Oromo, Swahili, Hausa, Igbo, Fulani and Yoruba.

Travel articles about Africa

Timbuktu, Mali – How to get there the hard way

“This journey remains, to this day, among the craziest of experiences I’ve ever had in my life.“ So, you think this title is a dramatic attempt to assure you visit this adventure blog? Well, my trip to Timbuktu stands by its legend and getting there was, indeed, not as easy as most might think! One of Africa’s ultimate travel destinations and a dream come true for off the beaten path travelers, Timbuktu’s history is rooted as far back as the year 1100. A Tuareg nomad camp in origin, it became one of West Africa’s most important commercial and religious outposts within only a couple of centuries.…

Visiting the Pyramids of Giza in Cairo – Ancient Egypt

Egypt is a country that takes us back in time. One cannot mention the city of Cairo without thinking about the Nile River, the pharaohs and the pyramids. This chaotic Arab metropolis offers several nice places to visit, but among the major tourist sites, there is only one considered to be “The best”. I’m referring to the Necropolis of Giza a.k.a. Giza pyramid complex archaeological site on Cairo’s Giza Plateau. Giza Plateau lies inside the desert and is about a half hour drive from Downtown Cairo. This complex consists of three sets of pyramids, better known as the Great Pyramids. In this place we can also…

Self-Drive Safaris in South Africa Parks & Game Reserves – How to Travel Independently

Do you want to make a self-drive safari in South Africa’s Parks & Game Reserves? One of my last road trips was to the southern part of Africa. I traveled with a rental car through countries such as South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia and Botswana. I got my plane ticket just a couple of days before departure and had nothing organized. I only knew I would like to visit the most UNESCO World Heritage sites possible. So, I got myself a Michelin road map and circled these UNESCO sites with a marker. I quickly drew a possible and logical itinerary in southern Africa. During…

Somaliland – Photos of People

People. The other side of traveling. No monuments, no museums, no gardens or palaces. To really get to know a country, you have to interact with its people. Photography always kept my attention and I got my first SRL camera when I was 16 years old. During my Visual Arts studies at University, I decided to engage myself in a photo project to last for a few years. During many years, my main purpose of traveling was to capture images of people. On this page, I collect some of the best photos I have from Somaliland. Photos of People from Somaliland People of Somaliland are very…

Blyde River Canyon in Mpumalanga – South Africa

Blyde River Canyon The Blyde River Canyon is one of the most beautiful places I visited during my trip to South Africa. The amazing landscapes and outstanding colors made me experience unforgettable trekking moments. “The Park encompasses the famous canyon which is the third deepest in the world and the largest in South Africa.” Blyde River Canyon Nature Reserve is located in the Mpumalanga region, near the small town of Graskop. It extends over 50 km / 31 mi across different types of terrain and vegetation. Bourke’s Luck Potholes Huge cylindrical potholes and natural swirling whirlpools caused by water erosion over the centuries. Located on the…

Erg Chebbi Dunes in Sahara Desert – Morocco

Erg Chebbi Dunes Erg Chebbi Dunes are a stunning part of Sahara Desert, on the southeastern part of Morocco, close to the Algerian border. This incredible sea of sand is the ideal place for a couple of days enjoying one of the best holiday destinations in Morocco. Explore the dunes and admire a beautiful sunrise or sunset over the horizon. “Having a surprising orange hue, the Erg Chebbi Dunes are one of the most beautiful places in Africa.” Challenge yourself to climb the 250 m / 810 ft “Grand Dune” near Merzouga village. The serene warm wind will welcome you. The vistas are breathtaking and worth…

Laas Geel – Incredible 9000-year-old rock paintings in Somaliland

I entered Somaliland walking, coming from Ethiopia through the Wajaale border. After exploring the capital Hargeisa, I went further north to the coastal town of Berbera. After staying a couple of days on the beach, I finally got the plane back to Ethiopia. Somaliland is a self-proclaimed country that technically, and according to the United Nations, is located in the most northwestern region of Somalia. Although it’s not internationally recognized by the UN, it has protected and delimited land borders, its own military, its own president, its own currency, its own police. And it also proudly holds democratic elections since 1991. People of Somaliland are very…

Ben Amera & Ben Aicha – Mauritania Isolated Desert Monoliths

The mighty void of Sahara Desert reveals interesting facts and fascinating legends. 4 km / 2.4 mi from a little desert village on the railway stretch from Nouadhibou to Zouerate, we can spot an enormous mass of dark rock belonging to Ben Amera monolith, rising up to 633 m / 2076 ft. Totally controlling the desert skyline, Ben Amera is the biggest monolith in Africa. Other smaller size monoliths can be seen nearby. To get to Ben Amera, there is no road. You have to get a 4WD and drive from Nouadhibou to Choum, on a two-day desert adventure. A natural monolith is a large block…

Nomads, Tombs and Petroglyphs – Jebel Adad in Ouarzazate, Morocco

Ouarzazate is a famous south Moroccan destination. Often called as the “The door of the desert,” Ouarzazate is the starting point for several desert tours, the route of the 1001 Kasbahs, the Rose Valley and the UNESCO site of the Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou. The region around Ouarzazate offers lush landscapes with villages camouflaged in the arid scenery of the mountains and with hidden oasis covered with palm trees. Seven months per year, Ouarzazate is surrounded by the 4000 m / 13123 ft High Atlas snowy mountains. The uniqueness of its landscape provided the backdrop for many films, some of them historical as Lawrence of Arabia, The…

13 Days in Tunisia, North Africa – Backpacking Travel Guide

Tunisia is a fabulous destination, mixing different aspects such as the Mediterranean Sea, Arabic Andalus, Ottoman influence, Roman ruins and the Sahara Desert. All this in a relatively small country located in North Africa. I had the pleasure of spending 13 days traveling in some of the most famous spots of Tunisia. On this page, I make an easy day-by-day / step-by-step itinerary that I hope will help you visit Tunisia on your own. INDEX: Backpacking Travel Guide to Tunisia Guide to Tunisia Day-by-day Itinerary How to prepare your trip TOP 7 Tunisia What to visit in Tunisia Accommodation in Tunisia Hostel in Tunis Hotel in…

Magic Colors of Chefchaouen – The blue city of Morocco

Chefchaouen – the Blue City of Morocco. Somehow, this blue painted old city stands out with a peculiar charm. Chefchaouen is undoubtedly one of the most picturesque and photogenic cities in Morocco. The name comes from the Berber word Achawen, “horns,” because of the mountain peaks that dominate and surround the city. On this page, I selected some beautiful photos of Chefchaouen. I hope you enjoy this photo essay. Photos of Chefchaouen – Northern Morocco Chefchaouen was founded back in 1471 and hosted a population composed mainly of Andalusian Moors. There’s a small fortress called La Kasbah that was built to fight the Portuguese invasions of…

Djemaa El-Fna Marrakesh – Insanity Beyond Expectations

Marrakesh is a fascinating city. Founded back in 1071 by the Berber Almoravid Sultan Youssef Ibn Tachfine, Marrakesh has one of the most chaotic urban environments on the planet. I lived there for one year and have been visiting it for several times since 2001. Many people tell me they didn’t enjoy Marrakesh because it’s too touristic and that Djemaa El Fna Square is just made up to get money out of visitors. On this page, I’ll try to demystify this amazing square and tell you some curious facts to make you understand its history, so that you will appreciate it differently. INDEX: Djemaa El Fna…

Nomads of Morocco – High Atlas Mountains nomadic life

In a far region of the High Atlas Mountains, land of the Ait Hdiddou tribes, many nomads live in the fertile valleys. Spread out in the vast mountains, thousands of nomads live freely like they did centuries ago. The unchangeable Amazigh (Berber) culture is preserved due to the geographically isolated position where this place is located. Daily life is based on survival. With extreme weather conditions – harsh snowy winters and low temperatures of -4º F / -20º C, and hot summers with temperatures of 86º F / 30º C, this mountain region fertile environment gathers the perfect circumstances for nomads to herd their animals. In…

Nomads of Morocco – Sahara Desert nomadic life

Nomads of Morocco… Most part of the Kingdom is desert. Nomads can be found in most deserts of the world. In the Moroccan Sahara Desert and in the Atlas Mountains, many people still maintain their peculiar nomadic tribe way of life. • nomad a. A member of a people or tribe who move from place to place to find pasture and food; b. A person who continually moves from place to place; wanderer. This impressive yet harsh lifestyle represents one of the most interesting and extraordinary aspects of Morocco. In the desert tracks from Tafraoute Ait-Atta to Taouz, along the Algerian border, hundreds of families live…

Lake Tana, Stone Castles and Holy Wars – Ethiopia

All along the 16th and 17th centuries, the ancient region of Abyssinia was struggling to maintain its millennial-year old cultural values, protecting its religion and language against Islam. This was a time of ferocious Holy Wars. On the shores of Lake Tana – Ethiopia, there are still the remains of a small village, dating from the early 1600’s, that totally changed the country’s architecture style. Throughout history, Ethiopia has always been a leading Christian territory. In 1487, D. João II – the Portuguese King, sent Pêro da Covilhã and Afonso de Paiva to Ethiopia to investigate the location of that mythical kingdom, in an attempt to…

Injera – the delicious national dish of Ethiopia – East Africa

While traveling in Ethiopia, I got to try their national food called injera – a type of flat bread. The main ingredient of injera is teff flour, but sometimes some people use barley, corn, wheat or rice flour. Injera is without a doubt, the most famous food in Ethiopia. Along with another Ethiopian dish called ful medames, I mainly ate injera every day, except while traveling in the south where they have different food traditions. ? This food from Ethiopia got my attention due to: the unusual sourdough unexpected spongy texture of the dough injera is to be eaten with the hand variety of stews served…

Moped in Sahara Desert – Moroccan Motorcycle Adventure

A few years ago – when I was living in the Sahara Desert city of Erfoud, my friend Samuel Santos from the travel blog “Dobrar Fronteiras” visited me. While trying to figure out something interesting we could do, I came up with the idea of riding a motorcycle on the desert tracks – along the Algerian border. From Erfoud, we would take the tracks along the heavily armed border line between Morocco and Algeria. From the army post of Tisserdmine, we would ride all the way to Erg Chebbi Dunes to a hotel called Auberge Café du Sud. From Auberge Café du Sud, we would take…

African Bread Recipe – Democratic Republic of the Congo

I love to cook. During my travels, and every time I can, I like to jump into the kitchen and learn how to prepare a local dish or recipe. At Aru, during my trip to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, I ‘ve learned how to make a local bread recipe. Aru is a town in the Ituri Region of the Orientale Province in DRC. On this page, I’ll give you a step-by-step tutorial on how to make African bread. This bread recipe is very easy to prepare and doesn’t require much work. “There are people in the world so hungry, that God cannot appear to…

Doors of Marrakesh, Morocco – Voyage Through Time

I love doors. When I travel, I have particular interest in doors and windows. Doors reflect not only the personality of a city, but also the personality of its residents. There’s not one door the same as the next. Marrakesh, seen through doors, takes us on a historical time journey since the city was built until modern days. The old Medina of Marrakesh showcases amazing doors, giving its labyrinth alleys a unique charisma and charm. Founded back in 1071 by the Berber Almoravid sultan Youssef Ibn Tachfine, Marrakesh was the capital of Morocco during the 12th and 13th centuries. Marrakesh was, for a long time, a…

Historical Places to visit in Ethiopia – Horn of Africa

Ethiopia is a fantastic East African destination. I had the opportunity to visit Ethiopia and explore its major historical sites. Considered as the cradle of mankind, Ethiopia is the oldest region of human settlement. I urge everyone to give Ethiopia a chance and discover its friendly people, breathtaking landscapes, and incredible ancient history. Ethiopia – the first Christian nation – holds fantastic religious buildings and other historical destinations with castles, palaces, and hundreds-year-old mausoleums. On this page, I make a list of 37 historical places to travel in Ethiopia which are undoubtedly the country’s major tourist attractions. Don’t forget to leave a comment and share this…

Wild Beasts Encounter – Feeding Hyenas in Ethiopia

Clank! That was the sound of Africa’s second strongest bite in close contact with my ear. For a quick moment, it actually crossed my mind the possibility of losing it. During my trip to Ethiopia, I got to visit Harar, a sacred Muslim city said to be the fourth holiest city of Islam. Yes, I was feeding wild hyenas in Ethiopia – East Africa. Ethiopia is an amazing country and after two weeks I discovered a place of ancient history, beautiful and friendly people, good food and amazing scenery. Harar is situated on a hill of the Ethiopian plateau eastern extension about 500 kilometers from Addis…

People of Morocco – Photos of Moroccan People

People of Morocco… The other side of traveling. No monuments, no museums, no gardens or palaces. To really get to know a country, you have to interact with its people. Photography always kept my attention and I got my first SRL camera when I was 16 years old. During my Visual Arts studies at University, I decided to engage myself in a photo project to last for a few years. So, from 2001 until 2005, my main purpose of traveling was to capture images of people. I made hundreds of photos of people using my CANON EOS 1 film camera. On this page I collect some…

People of Mauritania – Photos of Mauritanian People

People. The other side of traveling. No monuments, no museums, no gardens or palaces. To really get to know a country, you have to interact with its people. Photography always kept my attention and I got my first SRL camera when I was 16 years old. During my Visual Arts studies at University, I decided to engage myself in a photo project to last for a few years. So, from 2001 until 2005, my main purpose of traveling was to capture images of people. I made hundreds of photos of people using my CANON EOS 1 film camera. On this page I collect some of the…

People of Gambia and Senegal – Photos of Senegambia People

People. The other side of traveling. No monuments, no museums, no gardens or palaces. To really get to know a country, you have to interact with its people. Photography always kept my attention and I got my first SRL camera when I was 16 years old. During my Visual Arts studies at University, I decided to engage myself in a photo project to last for a few years. So, from 2001 until 2005, my main purpose of traveling was to capture images of people. I made hundreds of photos of people using my CANON EOS 1 film camera. On this page I collect some of the…

Cycling the Sahara Desert – Bicycle trip in Morocco

Traveling slowly, humbly and with the simple company of a bicycle can be very rewarding. A few years ago I decided on biking the Sahara Desert tracks from Erfoud all the way to Erg Chebbi Dunes. Erfoud is a Moroccan desert city where I lived during 4 years. This city is the entrance point to reach Erg Chebbi Dunes also known as Merzouga Dunes. A small section of the itinerary is done on asphalt but quickly the road changes to rough desert tracks, sand and rocks. Erg Chebbi Dunes are located on the southeastern part of Morocco just aside the Algerian border. From my house and…

Luxor the World’s greatest open air Museum – Egypt

Have you heard about Luxor in Egypt? No? well, how about the Colossi of Memnon? or the Hatshepsut’s Temple? not yet? how about the Karnak temple? come on… not yet? Valley of the Kings and the famous tomb of the young pharaoh Tutankhamun??? ahh!! I knew Luxor was familiar to your traveler’s knowledge. Impossible not to be. The list of monuments and famous Egyptian historical sites could go on and on such as Valley of the Queens, Deir el-Medina, The Ramesseum, Medinet Habu or even Malkata. Luxor, from the Arabic El-Uqsur (meaning “the palaces” or “the castles”), the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes, located on the…

Timbuktu the Mysterious – Deep inside the Malian desert

Timbuktu is located deep inside the Malian desert. During many centuries, Timbuktu was off-limits for foreigners and non-Muslims. Its geographic location and complicated political, religion and ethnic conflicts make Timbuktu a very hard place to get in or come out from still today. If you visit Timbuktu, you can add this to your list of personal travel life achievements. Timbuktu – “The meeting-place of all who travel by camel or canoe” …in old Sudanese 16th century chronicles Timbuktu is one of Africa’s ultimate travel destinations and a dream come true for hardcore/off the beaten path travelers. Timbuktu, also spelled Timbuctoo, Timbuktoo or Tombouctou was founded back…

Best wildlife travel photos – Images of wild animals

Animals are amazing. Wild and Beautiful. Everyone loves animal photos and wildlife pictures, so on this page, I assemble a few photos of the Best Wildlife images I made during my travels. I will update this page with more photos very soon. I hope you enjoy. Best Wildife Photos Atlantic Puffin » Photo of Adorable Atlantic PUFFIN in Latrabjarg, Iceland. Leopard Seal » Photo of LEOPARD SEAL smiling in Antarctica. Zebra » Photo of ZEBRA in South Africa. Magellanic Penguin » Photo of MAGELLANIC PENGUIN – bad ass looking face, Argentina. Sea Lion » Photo of cute little baby SEA LION in Galapagos, Ecuador. Panda »…

Mind-blowing Sahara Desert Hotel – south Morocco

The Sahara Desert is a fantastic place. The Moroccan desert and its orange color sand dunes are one of the country’s best travel destinations. The Auberge Café du Sud is a fabulous hotel to stay while in Erg Chebbi Dunes. Regarding accommodation, this hotel in Morocco offers you exclusive luxury bivouacs in the dunes and also rooms with beautiful decoration. ❤️ Mind-blowing Sahara Desert Hotel ✅ 1- Hotel facade and main entrance ✅ 2- Swimming pool and friendly Blue Man from Sahara Desert ✅ 3- Decorated double room, Sahara Desert inspiration ✅ 4- Camel trekking in Sahara dunes ✅ 5- Tourist children birthday party ✅ 6-…

South Sudan – The Ultimate Backpacking Guide to the country

South Sudan was internationally declared independent at midnight on the 9th of July 2011. At this time all South Sudanese celebrated and ended 20 years of struggle against the regime of the northern capital Khartoum in Sudan. Scattered throughout the city of Juba, huge billboards, posters, banners and advertisements, congratulated the new country, its president Salva Kiir Mayardit, and the martyr of independence Dr. John Garang Mabior. In many places around the city of Juba and even a few days after independence there were a lot of people celebrating and dancing on the streets. Happiness was visible in the expressions of the people all South Sudan.…

Somaliland, Horn of Africa – Exhaustive Travel Guide

A Travel Guide to Somaliland? Never heard about this country? Well, that’s because it doesn’t really exist. Yet… Somaliland is a self-proclaimed country that technically, and according to the United Nations, is located in the most northwestern region of Somalia. Although it’s not internationally recognized by the UN, it has protected and delimited land borders, its own military, its own president, its own currency, its own police. And it also proudly holds democratic elections since 1991. Basically, this country “that doesn’t exist” runs better than 2/3 of other African countries. This is a national pride and an example to the World. But even so, the United…

Best Travel Experiences

Throughout the World, there are many wonderful places to travel to. Yet, some unique experiences remain secrets, only a few people having the chance to become involved with them. On this page, I will describe some of the best travel experiences I’ve had, examples that can easily provide inspiration and motivation for your future travels. Please note: I’ve been traveling since 1999. So, some of the older photographs on this page are taken with more standard equipment and are of lesser quality than more recent images. Happy travels! Berber Triple Marriage in Sahara Desert I had the opportunity of being invited to an authentic Amazigh (Berber)…

Inspiring Places to Visit in Africa – Travel Guide

Africa Travel Guide “Africa is an amazing continent to visit, the Cradle of Humankind. It has a total of 54 countries with a total population of 1.1 billion people. The most spoken languages in Africa are Arabic, Somali, Berber, Amharic, Oromo, Swahili, Hausa, Igbo, Fulani, and Yoruba.” My Top Africa Unreachable lost desert city of Timbuktu, Mali Ancient Ksar of Ait Benhaddou adobe fortified village, Morocco 4600 year old 146 m / 481 ft Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt Orange color sand dunes of Erg Chebbi, Morocco 13th century monolithic cave churches of Lalibela, Ethiopia Holy city of Harar, Ethiopia Chinguetti desert city, Mauritania 9000-year-old rock…

Meaning of the Flags of Africa

The flags represent the national identity of each country in Africa. Each flag color has a meaning in the history of each nation. African flags vary on color, shape, and meaning. On this page, I list all flags of Africa with their meaning and color explanation. Flags of Africa Flag of Algeria 3 colors: white, green, red. Meaning of the flag of Algeria: The red star and the crescent represent the religion, Islam. White symbolizes peace and honesty; green symbolizes the beauty of nature, hope, and joy; red symbolizes the blood of those killed fighting for independence in the Algerian War (1954 to 1962). The green…

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The Author of this Blog


HI! I'm João Leitão. Traveling independently since 1999, I explored more than 130 countries and territories in Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Europe, North & South America and Oceania. Welcome to my adventure travel blog, where I gathered useful information and inspiring narratives to motivate you to travel more. Follow on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest e YouTube.

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