The flags represent the national identity of each country in Africa. Each flag color has a meaning in the history of each nation. African flags vary on color, shape and meaning. On this page, I list all flags of Africa with their meaning and color explanation.
Flag of Algeria
3 colors: white, green, red. Meaning of the flag of Algeria: The red star and the crescent represent the religion Islam. White symbolizes peace and honesty; green symbolizes the beauty of nature, hope, and joy; red symbolizes the blood of those killed fighting for independence in the Algerian War (1954 to 1962). The green on the Algerian flag also symbolizes the state religion of Islam.
Flag of Angola
3 colors: red, black, yellow. Meaning of the flag of Angola: One star represents international solidarity and development; machete represents the farmers, the agriculture process and armed fight; cog wheel represents the workers and the industrial process. Red symbolizes the blood against the colonizers; black symbolizes the African continent; yellow symbolizes the natural resources.
Flag of Benin
3 colors: yellow, red, green. Meaning of the flag of Benin: Green symbolizes hope and the southern palm groves; red symbolizes the blood and courage of those who fought for Dahomey and yellow represents the natural resources and the northern savannas. All the colors represent the pan African spirit.
Flag of Botswana
3 colors: blue, black, white. Meaning of the flag of Botswana: Blue symbolizes water; white and black alternate stripes represent the ethnic harmony of the country and the liberal nature of society. The stripes symbolize the skin of the zebra, the national animal of Botswana.
Flag of Burkina Faso
3 colors: red, green, yellow. Meaning of the flag of Burkina Faso: Red represents the revolution; green represents the country’s profusion of natural resources. The yellow star symbolizes the guiding illumination of the revolt.
Flag of Burundi
3 colors: red, green, white. Meaning of the flag of Burundi: The stars in a triangular arrangement refer to the National motto of Burundi: “Unity, Work, and Progress”. The stars also symbolize the three ethnic groups in the country: the Hutu, Tutsi and the Twa. White represents peace, green stands for optimism and hope; red symbolizes the bloodshed of the soldiers in the struggle for independence.
Flag of Cape Verde
4 colors: blue, white, red, yellow. Meaning of the flag of Cape Verde: Blue symbolizes the Atlantic Ocean; white represents peace. The ten golden stars represent the ten islands in this country. The red strip which passes through the white horizontal patch symbolizes economic progress.
Flag of Cameroon
3 colors: green, red, yellow. Meaning of the flag of Cameroon: Yellow represents happiness; green symbolizes hope; the red background of the star is a representation of unity and so is the “star of unity”. All the colors represent the pan African spirit.
Flag of Central African Republic
5 colors: blue, white, green, yellow, red. Meaning of the flag of Central African Republic: The red in the vertical stripe represents the blood spilt by the people to achieve independence. In the horizontal stripes, blue symbolizes the sky and freedom; white stands for peace and dignity; green represents hope and faith; yellow represents the tolerance and hospitality of the people. The yellow five-point star of independence on the top blue stripe symbolizes a bright future.
Flag of Chad
3 colors: blue, yellow, red. Meaning of the flag of Chad: Blue represents the clear blue skies and the azure waters in the southern shores of Chad (hope and ambition); yellow represents the bright sunshine in Chad and also the sands of desert to the north of Chad; red symbolizes progress and unity and the sacrifice of the martyrs.
Flag of Comoros
5 colors: yellow, white, red, blue, green. Meaning of the flag of Comoros: The crescent, stars, and the green color represent Islam. Yellow, white, red, and blue all symbolize the four islands of the country: Moheli, Mayotte, Anjouan, Grand Comore. The four stars represent these islands too.
Flag of Democratic Republic of Congo
3 colors: blue, red, yellow. Meaning of the flag of Democratic Republic of Congo: Red symbolizes the sacrifices of the national heroes; yellow stands for the country’s wealth; blue represents peace and harmony. The star symbolizes hope and ambition for the future.
Flag of Djibouti
4 colors: blue, green, white, red. Meaning of the flag of Djibouti: Blue represents the clear blue skies and the clear waters of Djibouti; green symbolizes the earth and the country’s landscape; white is the color of peace and represents harmony. The red star represents unity in the culturally diverse country and also the areas where the Somalis live.
Flag of Egypt
3 colors: red, white, black. Meaning of the flag of Egypt: The Eagle of Saladin represents authority, beauty, and sovereignty. Red represents the period before the 1952 Revolution, marked by bloodshed and unrest; White symbolizes the bloodless revolution, which ended the monarchy and paved the way for Egypt’s transition into a republic; black symbolizes Egypt’s past, when the Egyptians were subjugated by the British, and the invincible spirit of the people.
Flag of Equatorial Guinea
4 colors: green, white, red, blue. Meaning of the flag of Equatorial Guinea: Green symbolizes the luxuriant vegetation and the fertility of crops; white stands for peace and harmony in which the country lives; red represents the blood spilt by the patriotic fighters for independence; blue symbolizes the clear pure waters of the infinite sea which connects Equatorial Guinea’s islands. The national coat of arms in the white stripe is a shield with a silk cotton tree, “God’s tree,”, representing the historical link between Equatorial Guinea and Spain. The tree has six yellow stars over it, which represent the mainland and the five main islands of the nation: Annobon, Bioko, Corisco, Great Elobey and Small Elobey. Under the shield containing the tree, we can read the words “Unidad, Paz Justicia” – “Unity Peace Justice”.
Flag of Eritrea
4 colors: green, red, blue, yellow. Meaning of the flag of Eritrea: The olive branch symbolizes peace and has been borrowed from the flag of the United Nations. Green represents the country’s natural beauty, lush greenery, and fertility; blue symbolizes the vast oceans and seas, particularly the Red Sea; red represents the noble patriotic spirit displayed by the martyrs during the fight for independence; yellow symbolizes the abundance of minerals in Eritrea.
Flag of Ethiopia
4 colors: green, yellow, red, blue. Meaning of the flag of Ethiopia: Green represents hope and fertility of the land; yellow symbolizes harmony for Ethiopian people; red symbolizes valor and war in the struggle for independence and resistance to colonist takeover. The yellow five-pointed star symbolizes the future of the country and possibly also King Solomon and the Star of David. The five yellow rays around the star represent equality of the various people in Ethiopia.
Flag of Gabon
3 colors: green, yellow, blue. Meaning of the flag of Gabon: Green represents the natural resources of the forests; yellow symbolyzes the equator, which passes through the country, as well as the minerals found in Gabon (mainly gold), and the bright and warm sunshine; blue stands for the crystal clear waters of the Atlantic shore.
Flag of Gambia
4 colors: red, blue, green, white. Meaning of the flag of Gambia: Red represents the savanna grasslands and also the sun; blue symbolizes the waters of the Gambia River; green represents the wild plants, agriculture and the forests of Gambia. The two white stripes represent peace, unity and harmony.
Flag of Ghana
4 colors: red, yellow, green, black. Meaning of the flag of Ghana: Red symbolizes the revolutionary spirit and the sacrifices of the country’s martyrs fighting for independence; yellow represents the abundance of minerals in Ghana; green symbolizes the natural resources like the forests in the country. The black star with five points represents the emancipation of Ghana and the unity and patriotic spirit of the people who fought colonialism.
Flag of Guinea
3 colors: red, yellow, green. Meaning of the flag of Guinea: Red represents the blood of the martyrs in the fight for independence and the work of all workers in the country; yellow symbolizes the riches of mineral resources, especially gold, and the sun that shines in Guinea; green represents the natural resources of the country, as well as prosperity and the fertile land of the country.
Flag of Guinea-Bissau
4 colors: yellow, red, green, black. Meaning of the flag of Guinea-Bissau: Red represents the blood spilt by the people who fought for independence from Portugal; yellow symbolizes the abundance of minerals in the country the bright sunshine heating up Guinea-Bissau; green stands for the abundant forests in the country, agriculture also symbolizes the hope to do better.
Flag of Ivory Coast
3 colors: orange, white, green. Meaning of the flag of Ivory Coast: Orange represents the land in the fertile areas in the savannahs of the north; white symbolizes joys and happiness and also represents the fresh water flowing in the rivers; green symbolizes the coastal forests, hope and a bright future.
Flag of Kenya
4 colors: black, red, green, white. Meaning of the flag of Kenya: Black represents black majority in the country; red represents the blood spilt during the freedom fight; green stands for natural resources. The Maasai warrior shield with two spears protects all the above values.
Flag of Lesotho
4 colors: dark blue, white, green, black. Meaning of the flag of Lesotho: Blue symbolizes rain and water; white represents peace; green symbolizes prosperity. The Mokorotlo (the traditional Basotho straw hat) represents the indigenous Basotho (Southern Sotho) people.
Flag of Liberia
3 colors: red, white, dark blue. Meaning of the flag of Liberia: Red and white symbolize the courage and moral excellence of the eleven signatories of the Liberian Declaration of Independence, represented by the eleven stripes.The white star stands for the freedom that the ex-slaves were given; the blue square represents the African mainland.
Flag of Libya
4 colors: red, black, green, white. Meaning of the flag of Libya: Red stands for the blood of the Libyan people who died during the fascist rule of Italy; green represents peace. The crescent and star on a black background was inspired in the design of the banner used during the Senussi Dynasty, founded in Mecca in 1837.
Flag of Madagascar
3 colors: white, red, green. Meaning of the flag of Madagascar: Red represents the sovereignty of the country; green symbolizes hope; white stands for purity.
Flag of Malawi
3 colors: black, red, green. Meaning of the flag of Malawi: Black represents the African people; red symbolizes the blood spilt for their independence struggle; green stands for the country’s fertile lands. The rising sun over the black background symbolizes freedom and hope of the people in the African continent.
Flag of Mali
3 colors: green, yellow, red. Meaning of the flag of Mali: Green represents the vegetation of Mali; yellow stands for purity and minerals in the country; red symbolizes the fight for independence.
Flag of Mauritania
2 colors: green, yellow. Meaning of the flag of Mauritania: Green represents Islam, as well as the star and crescent, which shows the faith of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.
Flag of Mauritius
4 colors: red, blue, yellow, green. Meaning of the flag of Mauritius: Red symbolizes the spilt blood during the freedom fight; blue stands for the Indian Ocean on which the island is located; yellow represents the golden ray of freedom; green symbolizes greenery and agriculture in Mauritius.
Flag of Morocco
2 colors: red, green. Meaning of the flag of Morocco: The red color in the flag has several important meanings for Morocco: it symbolizes the royals, including the Alaouite family, rulers in the seventeenth century, the Sherifs of Mecca and the Imams of Yemen. Red also represents the bravery and strength of the Moroccan people. The green five-pointed star is a pentagram symbolizing religion.
Flag of Mozambique
5 colors: green, red, black, yellow, white. Meaning of the flag of Mozambique: Green represents the land; white stands for peace; black represents the African continent; yellow stands for the mineral wealth of the nation. The red triangle symbolizes the immense effort for independence. On the triangle, the yellow star represents the socialist beliefs of Mozambique; the book stands for education; the hoe represents the peasants and agriculture; the AK-47 rifle represents the nation’s determination to defend its freedom.
Flag of Namibia
3 colors: yellow, green, red. Meaning of the flag of Namibia: Blue represents the vast sky, rain and water; white signifies tranquility and harmony; green symbolizes plant growth and cultivation; red is for the valor of the Namibian people and their wish for people to be equals. The sun on the flag stands for power and existence.
Flag of Niger
3 colors: orange, white, green. Meaning of the flag of Niger: Orange symbolizes the Savannah grasslands in the northern regions of the Sahara Desert; white stands for purity and innocence; green represents the rainforests and the Niger River. The orange circle in the middle of the white stripe represents the celestial sun and the will of the state to protect its freedom.
Flag of Nigeria
2 colors: green, white. Meaning of the flag of Nigeria: The two green stripes represent agriculture and the dense forests of Nigeria; the white stripe symbolises peace and unity.
Flag of Democratic Republic of Congo
3 colors: blue, red, yellow. Meaning of the flag of Democratic Republic of Congo: The colors green, yellow and red are the traditional Pan-African colors: green symbolizes agriculture and forests; yellow symbolises the friendship and nobility of the people; red stands for the struggle for independence.
Flag of Rwanda
3 colors: blue, yellow, green. Meaning of the flag of Rwanda: Blue represents happiness and peace; yellow symbolizes for the country’s mineral wealth and economic development; green represents the natural resources and prosperity of the Rwanda. The sun and its rays are for unity, transparency and enlightenment from ignorance.
Flag of Saint Thomas and Prince
4 colors: green, yellow, red, black. Meaning of the flag of Saint Thomas and Prince: Green, yellow and black are pan-African colors and also the colors of the Liberation Movement. The red triangle represents the hard fight for independence. The two black stars represent the two main islands of the country.
Flag of Senegal
3 colors: green, yellow, red. Meaning of the flag of Senegal: All the colors are pan-African ones. Green represents Islam, progress and hope; yellow stands for the natural wealth and progress of the Senegal, which will be obtained by the collective work of people; red is for the African peoples’ struggle for independence. The star represents unity and hope.
Flag of Seychelles
5 colors: blue, yellow, red, white, green. Meaning of the flag of Seychelles: Blue represents sky and sea; yellow is for the sun giving light and life; red symbolizes the peoples’ determination to work for the future together in loving harmony; white represents justice and peace; green stands for the land and natural environment. The oblique bands are supposed to symbolize a dynamic new country moving into the future.
Flag of Sierra Leone
3 colors: green, white, blue. Meaning of the flag of Sierra Leone: Green represents agriculture, mountains and natural resources; white stands for unity and justice; blue symbolizes the sea and the natural harbour in the capital Freetown.
Flag of Somalia
2 colors: blue, white. Meaning of the flag of Somalia: The blue base color represents the blue sky over Somalia as well as the United Nations, who helped the country to become conscious about its dream of freedom. The five-point white star symbolizes liberty in Africa. Each of the five points stands for one of the historic realms occupied by the Somali people.
Flag of South africa
6 colors: red, green, blue, black, white, gold. Meaning of the flag of South africa: Y represents the united country after the Apartheid regime. Red symbolizes blood; blue symbolizes the sky; green symbolizes the rich vegetation; black symbolizes African people; white symbolizes white people; gold color symbolizes the mineral gold. Red, white and blue also symbolizes South African past colonizers, Great Britain and The Netherlands.
Flag of South Sudan
6 colors: black, red, green, blue, yellow, white. Meaning of the flag of South Sudan: The colors are the Pan-Arab ones (white, red, green and black) and also blue and golden. They represent harmony and peace in the Arab world. Black symbolizes the South Sudanese people; white represents peace, harmony, brightness and hope; red symbolizes the blood spilt for freedom; green represents Islam, the growth of territory, and cultivation; blue stands for the waters of the Nile. The yellow star in the triangle (the Star of Bethlehem) signifies unity of the states of South Sudan.
Flag of Swaziland
5 colors: blue, yellow, red, black, white. Meaning of the flag of Swaziland: Blue represents peace and stability; red symbolizes past struggles; yellow stand for the mineral resources of the country. The shield, spears and staff symbolize protection from the country’s enemies. The black and white of the shield represent black and white people living in harmony.
Flag of Sudan
4 colors: red, white, black, green. Meaning of the flag of Sudan: The colors of the flag represent harmony and freedom in the Arab world. Red symbolises the battle for liberation and various other conflicts as well as the loss of lives of the brave fighters; white represents harmony, brightness and hope (white also symbolizes the White Flag League, a patriotic faction which rebelled against the settlers in 1924); black is the symbol of the country, since the word “Sudan” means black in Arabic language, and also stands for the black insignia of the fighters of independence who fought against the settlers during the Kimokino rebellion in the last years of the 19th century; green represents Islam, the growth of the territory and cultivation.
Flag of Tanzania
4 colors: green, black, blue, yellow. Meaning of the flag of Tanzania: Green represents the fertile lands of Tanzania; yellow symbolizes the country’s mineral deposits; blue stands for the waters of Tanzania, including the Indian Ocean. The color black in the center symbolizes the people of Tanzania.
Flag of Togo
4 colors: green, yellow, red, white. Meaning of the flag of Togo: The red square represents the loyalty and the patriotism of Togo’s people; green stands for hope, fertility and agriculture; yellow represents mineral wealth and the belief that hard work and strength will bring prosperity. The white star symbolizes life, purity, peace, dignity and Togo’s independence.
Flag of Tunisia
2 colors: red, white. Meaning of the flag of Tunisia: Red represents the blood shed by martyrs in the struggle against oppression; white symbolizes peace. The crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam considered to bring good luck and also recall Tunisia’s history as part of the Ottoman Empire.
Flag of Uganda
3 colors: black, yellow, red. Meaning of the flag of Uganda: The colors of the flag of Uganda repeat from top to bottom. The black, yellow, and red are traditional pan-African colors; black represents the people of Uganda; yellow symbolizes sunshine; red represents the brotherhood and the blood that bonds the people of Uganda. The white circle in the center has a grey crowned crane standing on one leg, a gentle animal which is the national symbol of Uganda. The image of this animal was also used on the Ugandan military badges during British rule.
Flag of Zambia
4 colors: green, red, black, orange. Meaning of the flag of Zambia: Green symbolizes the fertile lands; red represents Zambia’s fight for freedom; black stand for the people of Zambia; orange is for the rich minerals and natural resources of the country. The eagle symbolizes the people of Zambia rising above the country’s problems.
Flag of Zimbabwe
4 colors: green, yellow, red, black. Meaning of the flag of Zimbabwe: The flag of Zimbabwe has the traditional pan-African colors. Green symbolizes the fertility of the fields and agriculture; yellow represents minerals, the rich natural resources of the country; red stands for the bloodshed during the war for independence; black symbolizes the native people of Zimbabwe and their legacy. The white on the triangle is for peace; the red star represents the rising hopes of the nation. The soapstone bird is a national symbol of Zimbabwe.
States not recognized, partially recognized or disputed
Flag of Somaliland
4 colors: green, white, red, black Meaning of the flag of Somaliland: The flag uses Pan-Arab colours. Green represents the prosperity of the fields; white symbolizes peace and pure deeds; red is for the blood of the fallen heroes of the liberation. In the green background the Shahada is inscribed in white, the Islamic profession of faith “There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger”, which is the first of the Pillars of Islam. The black star represents the failure of the dream of Greater Somalia.