Central Asia Rally – 6500 km / 4000 mi Road Trip Adventure

Updated May 6, 2018 / Joรฃo Leitรฃo / 12 Comments / Filed in: โ€ข โ€ข โ€ข โ€ข โ€ข / Reading time 10 minutes
The Central Asia Rally - Adventure Race into History

The Central Asia Rally – Adventure Race into History

Central Asia Rally

Have you ever heard about a banger rally? Those crazy car rallies that cross a few countries while driving old or funny decorated vehicles? Well, I’m going to give you my personal insight about one of those unique road trips – the Central Asia Rally.

Nissan Primera 1.9 model 2002 somewhere in the Uzbek desert

Nissan Primera 2.0 SLX model 2002 somewhere in the Uzbek desert

Back in 2012 I participated in such a motoring event as this one.

Road trip adventure from Europe to the heart of the Silk Route.”

After participating on the Caucasian Challenge Rally (crossing the Caucasus region at the border of Europe and Asia between the Black and the Caspian seas) a few years before, I ended up participating in another event of the same kind. I invited my friend Joรฃo Paulo Peixoto to be my travel partner. He has been to all the countries in the world so, for him, the thrill was the experience and not really visiting these countries again.

My team partner Joรฃo Paulo Peixoto

My team partner Joรฃo Paulo Peixoto

Personally I also had been to all those countries before, so I was not expecting a touristic trip, rather a crazy adventure driving all the way from Central Europe to Central Asia.

Central Asia Rally receives teams from England, Finland, Germany, Portugal, Ireland, Norway, USA, Canada, Hungary, etc.

NOTE: The Central Asia Rally has changed its route since the time I participated. This article is based on my experience on a previous route.

โ„น๏ธ Countries of the 2012 rally:

  • Hungary ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ
  • Ukraine ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ
  • Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ
  • Kazakhstan ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ
  • Uzbekistan ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ
  • Tajikistan ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ

โ„น๏ธ Countries of the 2017 rally:

  • Hungary ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ
  • Ukraine ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ
  • Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ
  • Kazakhstan ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ
  • Uzbekistan ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ
  • Tajikistan ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ
  • Kyrgyzstan ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฌ

๐Ÿ“น Central Asia Rally 2014 by Finnish team:

The Central Asia Rally mixes adventure, endurance and navigation.

Itโ€™s all about adventure since there are many unexpected factors and, based on the characteristics of the rally, there will be moments where you can count only on yourself or on your team mate. I got my car stuck in sand in the Uzbek desert when I was all alone, and our front car suspension broke on an isolated mountainous region of Tajikistan. Expect the unexpected.

Itโ€™s all about endurance since there are long days and long distances. It can be exhausting at some point.

Itโ€™s all about navigation as you need to find the right roads or trails in unknown areas, relying only on your paper map, some GPS coordinates, or the help of local people.

If you finish this trip with your vehicle in one piece you can be proud of yourself. 5 countries, 14 days and 6500 km / 4038 mi through bad roads, desert tracks and river crossings โ€“ a real challenge for man and machine.

๐Ÿ“น 250 KM in 4 minutes – Driving to Ishkashim

Driving to Ishkashim along the Afghanistan border in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region in south-east Tajikistan.

๐Ÿœ Getting stuck in sand – Uzbekistan

While my team partner took the epic train – Bukhara Express – from Bukhara to Samarkand I was all alone for a supposedly easy desert drive along the Turkmenistan border. The chances of getting stuck in sand while in Uzbekistan are not that high, unless you drive off road. I got stuck in sand when I decided to go in direction of Dengizkul lake.

This is me waiting two hours in the desert until someone passes, lucky me...

This is me waiting two hours in the desert until someone passes, lucky me…

I had to walk back to the desert tracks and after waiting two hours a truck finally passed by and tried to help me out. This heavy truck full of water also got stuck. So we had to wait one more hour until a tractor finally came in our rescue.

NOTE: You can also read about me driving in Afghanistan – Road trip Survival Guide.

๐Ÿ“ฐ Central Asia Rally on the news

via theguardian.com by Jamie Lafferty

“You buy an old car in Budapest and drive it 5,000 miles across Russia and the Stans, stopping only to pay the odd bribe. Welcome to the first Central Asia Rally”

“…One day I ride in car six, with Miguel Almas and Miguel Esteves from Portugal. In another world they are a vet and a psychiatrist; in this one they’re a pair of hard-drinking, hard-driving (though not always at the same time) desperados on a mission to experience everything they possibly can and to have a bloody good laugh while doing so. Their motto “Why not?” is perplexingly difficult to contradict, even when I really want to. Our drive in their red, 20-year-old VW Passat estate (185,000 miles on the clock) is supposed to be simple, but a few deliberate wrong turns, and a bit of off-roading later (“Why not?”) we find ourselves detained by the Uzbek military. After an hour of shared confusion, they send us on our way, but even though we are clearly in the wrong โ€“ we strayed into a military zone โ€“ they never hint at a bribe…”

โš ๏ธ Attention:

The Central Asia Rally is long โ€“ both in time and distance. This can be stressful both physically and mentally. You have to be prepared for everything and you’d better think ahead. You cannot expect help from anyone else just besides yourself and your mates.

Yes we towed the German team during more than 250 km / 155 mi

Yes we towed the German team 4WD during more than 250 km / 155 mi

โ˜  Things that might happen on the road:

  1. the need to come to a decision which can generate tension between you and your teammates.
  2. having your vehicle with serious technical problems.
  3. driving all night because you got lost or you had to repair your vehicle.
  4. having yourย car broke downย or just get out of gear (literally).
  5. to be stuck in the middle of nowhere, hungry and inย need to solveย your situation.
  6. loosing your passport and you have no idea where.
  7. having one ofย your teammates lost his passport and he knows he left it in a restaurant 200 km / 124 mi back.
  8. haven’t had a shower for a couple of days and there’s no hot water left in the hotel when you get there (or no water at all).
  9. getting stuck in sand.
  10. your car dying in the river (like it happened to the rally organizer).
  11. getting stuck at the border without the necessary documents.

โ›ฐ Car rally highlights

Kazakhstan Uzbekistan border crossing

๐Ÿ›‚ Kazakhstan Uzbekistan border crossing

What’s an adventure without witnessing vistas firsthand that 99 in 100 people will never, ever see in their lifetimes? Just some of the remarkable sights:

  • Speed along the banks of the famed Volga River as you cross Russia.
  • Contemplate divinity (and pray for navigable roads) in Kalmykia, Europeโ€™s only Buddhist province.
  • Explore the ghost-ships of Kazakhstan, forever buried in sand as the blistering deserts swallow the Aral Sea.
  • Navigate the crimson sands of the Uzbekistanโ€™s Kyzyl-Kum Desert, renowned for yielding magnificent dinosaur fossils.
  • Wander the greatest ancient cities of the fabled Silk Road, including Samarkand and Bukhara (home to Marco Polo).
  • Brave the cruel twists & stunning peaks of the Pamir Highway โ€“ the worldโ€™s 2nd highest roadway โ€“ with portions of the drive above 4600 me / 15,000 ft.
  • Pop into Afghanistan to visit bustling marketplaces that are kept unchanged in over a thousand yearsโ€ฆ and then pop right back out again before they ever know you were there!
  • Itโ€™s a hard road and an exhausting journey so be prepared to weather hardships that include cranky commissars, vodka-and-tea-fueled escapades, baking sun and withering cold, delectable native cuisines, frantic escapes through crowded border crossings, bizarre liquors of questionable provenance, rock slides, probably some brief nudity from your fellow adventurers, dust & sand, and some of the loveliest, most hospitable locals you will meet anywhere.

๐Ÿ—บ Map of Central Asia Rallyย 2017

Map Central Asia Rally

Map Central Asia Rally

๐Ÿ“ Itinerary Central Asia Rally 2012

โœ… Day 1, May 26th
Budapest ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ โ€“ Rivne ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ
Route: Budapest โ€“ M3 motorway – (Nyรญregyhรกza) โ€“ Route 4 – Zรกhony โ€“ Chop โ€“ Lviv – Rivne
Distance: 790 km / 490 mi

โœ… Day 2, May 27th
Rivne ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ โ€“ Kharkov ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ
Route: Hotel Sofia โ€“ (Zhytomyr) โ€“ (Kiev) โ€“ (Poltava) โ€“ Visoky (Kharkov)
Distance: 800 km / 897 mi

โœ… Day 3, May 28th
Kharkov ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ โ€“ Volgograd ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ
Route: Visoky โ€“ Kharkov โ€“ Izyum โ€“ Krasnyi Luch โ€“ Novoshakhtinsk โ€“ Belaya Kalitva โ€“
Morozovsk โ€“ Motel Tyhiy Don
Distance: 735 km / 456 mi

โœ… Day 4, May 29th
Motel Tyhiy Don ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ โ€“ Astrakhan ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ
Route: Motel Tyhiy Don โ€“ Bereslavka โ€“ (Volgograd) โ€“ Akhtubinsk โ€“ Astrakhan
Distance: 530 km / 329 mi

โœ… Day 5, May 30th
Astrakhan ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ โ€“ Beyneu ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ
Route: Astrakhan โ€“ Krasnyy Yar – Karaozek โ€“ Kotyayevka โ€“ Atyrau โ€“ Dossor โ€“ Kulsary – Beyneu
Distance: 840 km / 521 mi

โœ… Day 6, May 31st
Beyneu ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ โ€“ Muynaq Camp ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ
Route: Beyneu – Akzhigit โ€“โ€“ (Farhatโ€™s cafรฉ) โ€“ KC7 โ€“ Muynaq
Distance: 437 km / 271 mi

โœ… Day 7, June 1st
Muynaq Camp ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ โ€“ Khiva ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ
Route: Muynaq โ€“ Kungrad โ€“ Khojayli โ€“ Nukus โ€“ Urgench – Khiva
Distance: 450 km / 279 mi

โœ… Day 8, June 2nd
Khiva ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ โ€“ Bukhara ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ
Route: Khiva โ€“ Pitnak – Bukhara
Distance: 490 km / 304 mi

โœ… Day 9 – June 3rd
Distance: 0 km / 0 mi

โœ… Day 10 โ€“ June 4th
Bukhara ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ โ€“ Samarkand ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ
Route: Bukhara โ€“ Quarakol โ€“ Jumabazar โ€“ Desert drive โ€“ Pamuq โ€“ Mubarak – Quarshi –
Distance: 523 km / 324 mi

โœ… Day 11 – June 5th
Samarkand ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ โ€“ Nurek ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ
Route: Samarkand โ€“ Shahrisabz โ€“ Ghuzar โ€“ Termiz โ€“ Sayrab โ€“ Baysun โ€“ Elbayan โ€“ Hazarbagh โ€“
Khayrabad โ€“ Denau โ€“ Sofiyan โ€“ Dushanbe โ€“ Danghara โ€“ Vahdat – Nurek
Distance: 585 km / 363 mi

โœ… Day 12 โ€“ June 6th
Nurek ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ โ€“ Tavildara ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ
Route: Nurek โ€“ Naizirak โ€“ Vahdot โ€“ Ob-i-Garm โ€“ Sicharog โ€“ Lab-i-Jar โ€“ Kala-i-Naun – Tavildara
Distance: 210 km / 130 mi

โœ… Day 13 โ€“ June 7th
Tavildara ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ โ€“ Khorog ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ
Route: Tavildara โ€“ Saghirdasht – Kala-i-Khum โ€“ Rushan โ€“ Khorog
Distance: 280 km / 173 mi

โœ… Day 14 โ€“ June 8th
Khorog ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ โ€“ Bulunkul Camp ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ
Route: Khorog โ€“ Jelondy โ€“ Pitob – M41 โ€žPamir Highwayโ€ Koytezek pass โ€“ Bulunkul (- Alishur)
Distance: 200 km / 124 mi

โœ… Day 15 โ€“ June 9th
Bulunkul Camp ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ โ€“ Murghab ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ
Route: Bulunkul Camp โ€“ Alishur – Murghab
Distance: 210 km / 130 mi

โœ… Day 16 โ€“ June 10th
Murghab ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ โ€“ Ishkashim ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ
Route: Murghab โ€“ Khargush pass โ€“ Langar – Ishkashim
Distance: 345 km / 214 mi

๐Ÿ’ฅ Beware of landmines: The 1200 km / 745 mi long natural border with Afghanistan is the most dangerous zone of the rally. Most parts of the region are still not cleared of land mines. Never stray away from the main road and do not let yourself be tempted by the magnificent and refreshing streams, unless you see the “Cleared of Mines” sign somewhere between the main road and the river bank. Bathing kids and women washing clothes may be a good sign.

โœ… Day 17 โ€“ June 11th
Ishkashim ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ โ€“ Khostav ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ
Route: Ishkashim โ€“ Khala-i-Khum โ€“ Zigar โ€“ Khostav
Distance: 455 km / 282 mi with Afghan sightseeing

โœ… Day 18 โ€“ June 12th
Khostav ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ โ€“ Dushanbe ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ
Route: Khostav โ€“ Kisht – Anjirob – Khulob โ€“ Vose โ€“ Dangara โ€“ Vahdat – Dushanbe
Distance: 285 km / 177 mi

Check the updated route here

๐Ÿ“น Caucasian Challenge Rally 2008:

My video of the Caucasian Challenge – driving across the European Caucasus mountain region.

Visit: the official Caucasian Challenge Rally website.

๐Ÿ”ง Technical tricks – what to know

Driving in Central Asia

Driving in Central Asia

  • For a tour of this length and with this characteristics you need to be well prepared physically and psychologically. Even if you are someone with an easy going attitude.
  • Vehicle check and proper maintenance is a key factor for your success. Doesn’t matter if your car is old, but it needs to be checked since 3000 km / 1864 mi out of the 6500 km / 4038 mi will be in extremely mountainous regions.
  • Car brakes, heating fan and radiator need to be working properly. Get new car brake pads before you leave and pack the old ones along with you. You can change pads in bigger cities en route if you’re desperate. Riding up and down the mountains does make some cars have coolant boiling problems. If you have an older car, clean the radiator thoroughly and make sure the fan works properly.
  • Expect daily non-asphalt roads and river crossing.
  • There is a repair shop in every inhabited place along Central Asia.
  • Take two extra tires instead of one. If you want to be better off, take three spare tires. Use adequate tires for the trip in both quality and condition. There is absolutely no use taking huge mud tires, you can make the route with normal tires, the chance for mud is small, as you will travel mostly on rocky and sandy surfaces.
  • Always keep extra water with you. Buy big 5 lt / 1.3 gal bottles of mineral water to store in the car along the trip. Better safe than sorry.
  • Learn the basics of Russian language: greetings, basic expressions and numbers. This will make you go along with police, border officials and local people all over Central Asia. Take a Cyrillic alphabet table along with you, as this will help you read road signs.
  • You will need to face a lot of terrible roads so check your suspension. My car suspension broke down twice. Once in Uzbekistan and again in Tajikistan.
  • Check the suspension and the springs. It is top priority.
  • If you’re not driving a 4WD, get a metal shield (sump guard) under the engine to protect it from the hit of bigger stones – just to be on the safe side.
  • Take at least one 20 lt / 5.2 gal jerrycan with you (two jerrycans are better if you have enough space), there might be fuel shortage in the Stans.
  • Pump stations are not too frequent in the mountains. Furthermore, most of the cars (especially in Uzbekistan) run on CNG / natural gas not LPG.
  • From Beyneu (KZ) to Denau (UZ) 80-octane or worse fuel is very common (if available at all). There are stages, even outside Uzbekistan, where you won’t find fuel stations and if you miscalculate your fuel consumption or forget to fill up your tank, you might be in trouble.
  • Remove the catalytic converter from your car if you are running on petrol. Bad quality petrol (that can be either low octane from petrol stations or stuff you buy at locals backyard from plastic buckets) can eventually kill your engine due to secondary consequences of fuel impurities.
  • You might want to take an extra air and petrol filter since you drive on dusty roads and petrol quality will be worse than what your engine got used to. Ask your mechanic what he recommends as spare parts for the trip.

โ„น๏ธ Quick tips

  1. The rally organizers – Travel Scientists can buy and prepare your car beforehand. I did it this way.
  2. You don’t really need to buy an old car. You can bring your new vehicle. Some people do actually bring their own car to the run and return back home with it.
  3. It’s better to have at least one person with you on the trip.
  4. Check out what kind of passport you hold since visas are necessary for all the countries in Central Asia.
  5. I paid about โ‚ฌ550 euros for my Nissan Primera. I spent a few hundred euros extra to prepare the car mechanically.
  6. After the rally, my wife flew to Tajikistan and we continued traveling with the car in the region during two more months.
  7. I sold my car in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan for $1000 US dollars.
  8. Our sponsors: Dar Rita, IESF, Auberge Cafรฉ du Sud, Virtual Tourist.

Visit: the official Central Asia Rally website.

Leave your comment:

12 Comments. Leave new

Wow Joao! Those photos are incredible and insane at the same time! I had to laugh when you started off with “You buy an old car in Budapest”….somehow that doesn’t seem like the adventure is going to run smoothly!

This is honestly such an amazing experience and the scenery along the way makes it so much more worth it. I don’t think I have to guts to do a rally like this but it’s something I’m going to have to consider. So much wanderlust right now. Going to have to convince the GF to see if she wants to try something like this out!


Wow! This is spectacular! Your pictures are awesome, Joao!


Never heard of this car rally! What a wcky yet fun experience. Kudos for doing it!


Wow! That was quite the adventure! What an amazing experience and accomplishment and a great list of tips for anyone else looking to give it a try!


What an adventure! ‘Paying the odd bribe’ made me laugh, very realistic of them to include that part of the trip. Great tips that I think anyone would need!


WOW! THis looks incredible. What an adventure. The deal you got on the car was awesome. Not too sure about Afghanistan! hahaha. I bet that was a thrill! This looks insane.


Sounds like a great adventure and a unique way to travel. Getting to explore parts of the old Silk Road is something I’d love to do one of these days. Thanks for sharing.


Oh wow what an adventure. I love the taking the back roads and getting off road sometimes but this is way beyond my comfort zone. I can’t believe the cars they manage to complete it in!


Tons of great practical info for anyone looking to go on an adventure like this. I had never really heard of a car rally before, let alone one across Central Asia. I totally admire your spirit and willingness to go with the flow.


OK now I think you are seriously nuts! but what a great adventure!!!


Whoa! This looks like an epic adventure Joao! Straddling over to Afghanistan seems insane. But I would like to freakin’ do it! Awesome tips on how to do it, thanks a lot. Now I have another thing to put on my bucket list ๐Ÿ™‚


What an epic road trip! To be honest, I didn’t know anything about the Central Asia rally, but your post has given plenty of insights! Love the suggestion to quickly pop over to Afghanistan and out before being caught. I can’t believe how cheap the car was! What an adventure!


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