On the shores of Lake Managua, Momotombo volcano is one of the most important national symbols of Nicaragua. This is due to its beautiful symmetrical shape, whether you admire it from afar or close.
“A stunning cone shaped volcano formed by overflown magma near the town of Puerto Momotombo on the shores of Lake Managua.”
This conical stratovolcano is built up by many layers of hardened lava. The 1610 eruption forced the inhabitants of León to run away and relocate 48 km / 30 mi west, leaving their city behind. Today the ruins of León Viejo (Old León) are adjacent to the small town of Puerto Momotombo.
The volcano shape, extremely symmetrical, and the surrounding landscapes are impressive. From the hill top of León Viejo ruins we can fully appreciate a panoramic view of Lake Managua and the Momotombo Nature Reserve Volcanic Complex (Reserva Natural Complejo Volcánico Momotombo).
The ruins of León Viejo are located at the base of the Momotombo volcano. These are one of the oldest urban centers of the Spanish colonizers in America. León Viejo clearly shows how they organized the economic and social structures of the Spanish Empire in the sixteenth century. For this reason they are part of the UNESCO world heritage list since 2000. The history museum, the archaeological complex and the Monument of the Indigenous Resistance of 1528 are worth a visit.