Meaning of the Flags of Asia

Updated May 6, 2018 / João Leitão /
Meaning of the Flags of Asia

Meaning of the Flags of Asia

Flags of Asia

The flags represent the national identity of each country. Each color has a meaning in the history of nations. Asian flags vary on color and meaning. On this page, I list all flags of Asia and their colors.

Flag of AfghanistanFlag of Armenia

Flag of Afghanistan

3 colors: black, red, green.
Meaning of the flag of Afghanistan: The colors of the flag of Afghanistan include the pan-Arab colors of black, green, red (and white), which represent the historical dynasties that once ruled the region. Although not everybody agrees, it is thought that black represents previous Afghan flags which symbolized the sovereign; red is as a sign of progress, copied from the Soviet flag; green represents Islam. The white coat of arms in the center is a mosque with its mihrab facing toward Mecca. The mosque is surrounded by two sheaves of wheat. Above the coat of arms the sacred line is written, “There is no God but Allah and Mohammad is His prophet, and Allah is great.” Below the insignia is written “Afghanistan 1298”.

Flag of Armenia

3 colors: red, blue, orange.
Meaning of the flag of Armenia: The colors on the Armenia Flag represent its people. Red stands for the sacrifice and blood of the Armenian soldiers shed in past and present wars; orange symbolizes the fertile lands of the country; blue represents hope and aspiration for the progress of Armenia.

Flag of AzerbaijanFlag of Bahrain

Flag of Azerbaijan

3 colors: blue, red, green.
Meaning of the flag of Azerbaijan: Blue symbolizes the Turks; red represents progress; green is for Islam. The white semi-circular moon, or crescent, is also for Islam; the eight points of the star stands for the eight branches of the Turkic people.

Flag of Bahrain

2 colors: white, red.
Meaning of the flag of Bahrain: Red represents the Kharijite sect of Islam; white indicates the truces Bahrain had made with neighbouring countries in the 19th century. The serrated triangles exist to distinguish the Bahranian flag from the ones of its neighboring countries and represent the five pillars of Islam.

Flag of BangladeshFlag of Bhutan

Flag of Bangladesh

2 colors: green, red.
Meaning of the flag of Bangladesh: Green stand for the greenery of Bangladesh, its vivacity and youthfulness, as well as it is the traditional color of Islam; the red disc stands for the rising sun and the blood spilt by the the people in Bangladesh to achieve their independence.

Flag of Bhutan

3 colors: red, yellow, white.
Meaning of the flag of Bhutan: Yellow represents the secular authority of the King; white stands for purity and loyalty; red represents the Drukpas monasteries and Buddhist religion. The dragon is holding jewels in its claws, which signify the nation’s wealth; the snarling mouth of the dragon symbolizes the strength of the people protecting the country.

Flag of BruneiFlag of Cambodia

Flag of Brunei

3 colors: yellow, black, white.
Meaning of the flag of Brunei: Yellow is the color of royalty and represents the sultanate; white and black bands symbolize Brunei’s chief ministers. The coat of arms is a crescent (symbol of Islam) connected with a parasol (symbol of monarchy), with two gloves on both sides. The inscriptions in the crescent and the ribbon have Arabic inscriptions which translate to “State of Brunei, Abode of peace” and “There is no deity but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God”.

Flag of Cambodia

2 colors: blue, red.
Meaning of the flag of Cambodia: Blue represents the nation’s royalty; red stands for the nation; white symbolizes religion. The emblem of the Angkor Vat Hindu temple represents the structure of the universe.

Flag of ChinaFlag of Cyprus

Flag of China

2 colors: red, yellow.
Meaning of the flag of China: Red is a traditional color in Chinese culture and also represents the communist revolution; the stars are yellow to represent the official color of the Manchu dynasty and to imply that China belongs to the Chinese people, a “yellow race”. The big star symbolizes the Communist Party; the four smaller stars represent the four social classes of the traditional Chinese society united under the Communist Party of China (working class, peasantry, urban petty bourgeoisie, national bourgeoisie or capitalists). The other potential meaning of the stars is to represent the five main ethnicities of China: the Han, Manchus, Mongols, Hui and Tibetans. The stars all have 5 points to reflect the importance of this number in Chinese philosophy, being associated with the five elements (Water, Fire, Earth, Wood, Metal) and therefore historically associated with the Emperor of China.

Flag of Cyprus

3 colors: white, orange, green.
Meaning of the flag of Cyprus: The white field of the background has a copper-orange island in the center, representing the abundance of copper ore in the country. Under the island there are two olive branches which symbolize the peace and harmony which the country has been trying to negotiate between the Greek and the Turkish communities. That is why the Constitution of Cyprus forbids the use of a cross or crescent and blue (Greek) and red (Turkish) colors in the Cypriot flag.

Flag of East TimorFlag of Egypt

Flag of East Timor

4 colors: red, yellow, black, white.
Meaning of the flag of East Timor: Yellow represents the traces of colonialism in the History of East Timor; black symbolizes the dissimulation that needs to be conquered; the red background represents the struggle for national freedom of Timor Leste. The five pointed white star represents peace.

Flag of Egypt

3 colors: red, white, black.
Meaning of the flag of Egypt: The Eagle of Saladin represents authority, beauty, and sovereignty. Red represents the period before the 1952 Revolution, marked by bloodshed and unrest; white symbolizes the bloodless revolution, which ended the monarchy and paved the way for Egypt’s transition into a republic; black symbolizes Egypt’s past, when the Egyptians were subjugated by the British, and the invincible spirit of the people.

Flag of GeorgiaFlag of India

Flag of Georgia

2 colors: white, red.
Meaning of the flag of Georgia: The flag of Georgia features a white background with a large red St. George’s Cross centered over it representing the Georgian kingdom in the 5th century. In each of the four white rectangles created by the cross there are 4 more red Blonisi crosses. All the crosses probably represent the five Holy Wounds that Jesus suffered during his crucifixion.

Flag of India

3 colors: orange, white, green.
Meaning of the flag of India: The three colors in the flag of India symbolize ideals cultivated by the constitution of India. Orange (or Saffron),stands for courage, sacrifice, valor and the spirit of renunciation; white is for truth, peace and purity of thought; green represents culture, fertility and faith. The “Ashoka Chakra “, the blue spinning wheel with twenty-four spokes, symbolizes the eternal wheel of progress and righteousness.

Flag of IndonesiaFlag of Iran

Flag of Indonesia

2 colors: red, white.
Meaning of the flag of Indonesia: Red stands for courage; white is for purity. Red can also stand for physical life, while white symbolizes spiritual life. These two colors combined make up humans. The flag of Indonesia has been named “Sang Saka Merah-Putih”, meaning the “Sacred Red and White”.

Flag of Iran

3 colors: green, white, red.
Meaning of the flag of Iran: The colors in the Iranian flag date back to the times when the Shahs dominated the country. Green symbolizes Islam and also stands for hope and aspirations for a better future; white is a traditional symbol of peace; red represents the courage that the Iranians treasure. The emblem is made up of four crescents with a sword in the center. The sword in the center represents the strength of the nation. To the bottom of the green band and top of the red band the takbir is written twenty-two times in the Kufic script. The takbir reads the phrase Allahu Akbar which translates into “God is greater than can be described.” The number twenty-two is significant as it refers to the Islamic Revolution that occurred on the twenty-second day of the eleventh month of the Iranian calendar.

Flag of IraqFlag of Israel

Flag of Iraq

3 colors: red, white, black.
Meaning of the flag of Iraq: Red represents the bloody struggle and the courage to overcome it; white signifies the bright future for Iraq and the generosity of Iraqis; black symbolizes oppression against Islam and the triumph of Islam. The green of the Takbir (which reads “Allahu Akbar”, “God is greater than can be described”) represents Islam as it is believed to be a favorite color of Prophet Muhammad and his daughter, Fatima. Green is also mentioned several times in the Quran, in relation to paradise.

Flag of Israel

2 colors: white, blue.
Meaning of the flag of Israel: The basic design of the flag of Israel remembers the Tallit, the Jewish prayer shawl in white with blue colored stripes. On the white part of the flag there is a blue Star of David, composed by two crossing equal blue triangles, from the Biblical times a common symbol of the People of Israel. The Star of David is also known as the Jewish star and is a symbol of Judaism. A more modern interpretation of the Israeli flag identifies the blue and white stripes representing purity, guided by the principles of the Torah, and the Star of David representing a new beginning for Israel.

Flag of JapanFlag of Jordan

Flag of Japan

2 colors: white, red.
Meaning of the flag of Japan: The Japanese flag symbolizes Japan’s location in the east of Asia, where the sun rises. Japan is called “Land of the Rising Sun”. So, the sun goddess ‘Amaterasu’, founder of Japan and ancestor of its emperors, is represented by the red disc in the center. It symbolizes the bright future for Japan, while white represents honesty, integrity and purity of the Japanese people.

Flag of Jordan

4 colors: black, white, green, red.
Meaning of the flag of Jordan: The colors of the stripes in the flag of Jordan represent the historical dynasties of the region. Black symbolizes the Arab Abbasid dynasty; white stands for the Umayyad dynasty; green is for the Fatimid dynasty; red stands for the Hashemite Emirate, the precursor to the current Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Each of the points of the star symbolizes one of the pillars of Islam, the seven verses of the first surah of the Qur’an, called the Fatihah.

Flag of KazakhstanFlag of Kuwait

Flag of Kazakhstan

2 colors: blue, yellow.
Meaning of the flag of Kazakhstan: The solid blue background means peace and unity of people living in Kazakhstan, as well as the infinite, pure sky. The sun represents the source of life and energy but is also a symbol of progress and movement for nomads. The silhouette of the sun is a symbol of well-being and abundance. 32 beams come out of the sun, shaped like a grain to symbolize abundance and prosperity. The eagle represents the power of the state and astuteness. Also, for people living in the steppe, this bird of prey symbolizes independence, freedom, aspiration and, at the same time, strength to overcome any obstacles and difficulties. The ornament on the left identifies the culture and traditions of Kazakhstan.

Flag of Kuwait

4 colors: green, white, red, black.
Meaning of the flag of Kuwait: The colors of the flag of Kuwait make up the pan-Arab colors, a combination used in the Arab world which represents the various dynasties that once ruled the region. Red symbolizes the Hashemites; green is for the Fatimid dynasty; white represents the Ummayad dynasty; and black symbolizes the Abbasid dynasty (or possibly the prophet Mohammed). On the flag of Kuwait, green represents the fertile lands and meadows of the region; white is for purity and deeds; red is for the blood and the heroism of the soldiers who have fought for Kuwait; black represents the defeat of enemies.

Flag of KyrgyzstanFlag of Laos

Flag of Kyrgyzstan

2 colors: red, yellow.
Meaning of the flag of Kyrgyzstan: The red background symbolizes the bravery and valor of the people; the yellow sun is for peace and wealth. Coming from the sun, there are 40 rays representing the 40 Kyrgyz tribes. The two sets of three lines crossing the sun are a stylized representation of a “tunduk”, the crown of a traditional Kyrgyz roof.

Flag of Laos

2 colors: red, blue.
Meaning of the flag of Laos: Red stands for the bloodshed and sacrifice in the freedom struggle; blue symbolizes the resources of the country. The white moon is the moon over the Mekong river.

Flag of LebanonFlag of Malaysia

Flag of Lebanon

3 colors: red, white, green.
Meaning of the flag of Lebanon: Red represents the blood spilt in the freedom struggle; white symbolizes peace. The cedar tree is the symbol of steadiness and immortality.

Flag of Malaysia

4 colors: red, white, blue, yellow.
Meaning of the flag of Malaysia: Blue stands for the unity of the Malaysian people and was originally adopted from the British Union Jack, representing Malaysia’s link to Britain; yellow represents the royal color of the Malay rulers and also the unity of the federal government and a group of thirteen states, represented by the fourteen red bands. The crescent and star imagery represent Islam. The name of the Malaysian flag is “Jalur Gemilang”, meaning “stripes of glory”.

Flag of MaldivesFlag of Myanmar

Flag of Maldives

2 colors: red, green.
Meaning of the flag of Maldives: Red symbolizes heroes who have sacrificed their lives in defense of the country’s independence and sovereignty; green represents peace, prosperity and the wealth of palm trees; the white crescent symbolizes the Islamic faith of the island nation.

Flag of Myanmar

3 colors: yellow, green, red.
Meaning of the flag of Myanmar: Yellow signifies solidarity among all ethnic groups; green represents peace, tranquility and the nation’s environment; red symbolizes courage and decisiveness. The white star represents the consolidated union.

Flag of MongoliaFlag of Nepal

Flag of Mongolia

2 colors: red, blue.
Meaning of the flag of Mongolia: Red symbolizes Mongolia’s strength and harsh environment; blue stands for the blue sky. The soyombo symbol is a character in the Mongolian script and is also found on the coat of arms of Mongolia. It is composed by many symbols. At the top there is a flame, representing growth and wealth. Each tongue of the flame stands for time (past, present and future). Under the flame there is a sun over a crescent moon, representing Mongolia’s eternal existence. The two triangles pointing down next to rectangular bands represent spears defeating enemies. In the middle of the soyombo is the yin-yang symbol (Taijitu), showing balance and the complement of men and women. On either side of this column of symbols is a long upright rectangle which serves as fortress walls which stabilizes and strengthens everything inside.

Flag of Nepal

3 colors: red, blue, white.
Meaning of the flag of Nepal: It is said that the flag of Nepal foresees that the nation will last as long as the sun and moon are on earth. The blue part of the flag symbolizes peace; red represents the rhododendron, the national flower of Nepal. The curved moon stands for the royal house; the sun is for the Rana dynasty.

Flag of North KoreaFlag of Oman

Flag of North Korea

2 colors: blue, red.
Meaning of the flag of North Korea: Red stands for the revolutionary ideals and the patriotic spirit shown by the country men during the fight for independence; blue represents the nation’s independence and people’s desire to maintain peaceful relations with the progressive nations of the world; white is for homogeneous nature, purity and transparency of the people of Korea. The white disk is a representation of the opposing principles of nature and also refers to the yin-yang symbol. This disk also refers, according to ancient traditions, to the traditional Korean T’aeguk, symbol of the universe. The red star represents Communism and the role of the Korean Workers Party in transforming the nation into a better economic and political power during the turbulent period of the Second Civil War.

Flag of Oman

3 colors: white, red, green.
Meaning of the flag of Oman: Red is taken from Oman’s previous flag, representing the reigning Al Bu Said dynasty, also symbolizing the difficulties Oman overcame in its search for independence; white historically represents the imam, the Islamic religious leaders of the country and also represents peace and prosperity; green is the color of Islam and is also for the fertility of Oman as well as Al Jabal al Akhdar (the Green Mountains) in the north-east of the country. The national emblem is shown on the top left, a khanjar dagger in its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards.

Flag of PakistanFlag of Palestine

Flag of Pakistan

2 colors: white, green.
Meaning of the flag of Pakistan: The thin white stripe stands for the non-Muslim, religious minorities of Pakistan; the green larger part symbolizes the Islamic religion. The celestial symbols on the flag, the crescent and the star, represent progress, light and knowledge.

Flag of Palestine

4 colors: black, white, green, red.
Meaning of the flag of Palestine: The colors in the flag of Palestine depict a certain time in the History of Islam. Red represents the Khawarij, the Islamic group who formed the first republican party in the early days of Islam and the Arab tribes who participated in the conquest of North Africa and Andalusia. In modern times, red stands for the Ashrafs of the Hijaz and the Hashemites, descendants of the Prophet. Black is for revenge and the color of the headdress worn when leading troops into battle in the period of the Prophet Mohammad (570-632). Also, during the Abbasid Dynasty (750-1258), black was used as a symbol of mourning for the assassination of relatives of the Prophet and in remembrance of the Battle of Karbala. White was the symbolic color of the Umayyads, who ruled for ninety years in Damascus (661-750). Back then, white was a reminder of the Prophet’s first battle at Badr and a way to distinguish themselves from the Abbasids using this color to mourn. Green is used after the Fatimid Dynasty (909-1171) in North Africa, symbolizing their allegiance to Ali, the Prophet’s cousin, who was once wrapped in a green coverlet in place of the Prophet to frustrate an assassination attempt.

Flag of PhilippinesFlag of Qatar

Flag of Philippines

3 colors: blue, red, white.
Meaning of the flag of Philippines: Blue stands for the willingness to sacrifice oneself for freedom, peace, truth and justice; red signifies courage and patriotism; white stands for liberty, equality and fraternity. The three five-pointed stars represent the three major groups of islands where the revolution started: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The yellow sun represents unity, freedom, democracy and sovereignty. Each of its rays stand for one of the original provinces of the Philippines, at the time of the Revolution against Spain in 1896: Manila, Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Laguna and Batangas.

Flag of Qatar

2 colors: purple, white.
Meaning of the flag of Qatar: Purple represents the loss of lives in the diverse battles and conflicts fought by Qatar, mainly in the last half of the 19th century; white symbolizes harmony. The nine-point saw-toothed stripe means that the country is the 9th member of the “resolved Emirates” of the Persian Gulf, following the end of the pact between Great Britain and Qatar in 1916.

Flag of RussiaFlag of Saudi Arabia

Flag of Russia

3 colors: white, blue, red.
Meaning of the flag of Russia: The Russian Federation flag contains the Pan-Slavic colors of red, blue and white. Since there is no official meaning appointed to the colors by the Russian government, several theories exist. One refers that the colors came from the Grand Duchy of Moscow and depict Saint George in a silver armor, on white horse, wearing a blue cap on a red field. Another theory explains that white represents God, blue is for Tsar and red for peasants. Even another theory attributes white to a bright future, blue for clouded present and red for the bloody past.

Flag of Saudi Arabia

2 colors: green, white.
Meaning of the flag of Saudi Arabia: The background green color is the official color of Islam. The Arabic writing on the flag is the Islamic declaration of faith and it reads,”There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his Prophet”. The text is known as Sahada and the script is in Thuluth. Under it there is a sword symbolizing the victories and justice of Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud.

Flag of SingaporeFlag of South Korea

Flag of Singapore

2 colors: red, white.
Meaning of the flag of Singapore: Red stands for brotherhood and equality; white is for purity and virtue. The crescent symbolizes the young nation starting to reach its peak. The stars are for the ideals of the new Singapore nation: democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality.

Flag of South Korea

4 colors: white, red, blue, black.
Meaning of the flag of South Korea: The white background represents the purity of the people, peace and purity. The emblem is called the Taegeuk and symbolizes the source of all objects in the universe, standing for an uninterrupted progress in eternity. The blue section stands for the negative cosmic forces of the yin and the red one represents the opposite positive forces of the yang. The four trigrams represent the five fundamental elements: water, fire, wood, earth, and metal.

Flag of Sri LankaFlag of Syria

Flag of Sri Lanka

4 colors: yellow, green, orange, red.
Meaning of the flag of Sri Lanka: The dark red background is after the early Sri Lankan flags. The green and orange narrow vertical stripes represent the minorities in Sri Lanka: green for the Moors (and Islam), orange for the Tamils. The yellow lion represents the native Sinhalese people of the island (Sinha means lion and is the name of the ancient royal dynasty in the region). The lion is holding a kastane sword, a symbol of bravery. The Bo leaves in each corner of the rectangle represent the four essential Buddhist concepts: Mettha (kindness), Karuna (compassion), Muditha (joy) and Upekkha (equanimity).

Flag of Syria

4 colors: red, white, black, green.
Meaning of the flag of Syria: The flag of Syria has the four pan-Arab colors, representing the various dynasties that ruled the region. Red represents the Islamic groups Khawarij and Hashemites; white stands for the Umayyad Dynasty; black is for the Prophet Mohammad and the Abbasid Caliphate; green symbolizes the Fatimid Caliphate. There are also other meanings attributed to some of the colors of the Syrian flag: red for the sacrifices made in the fight for freedom; white for peace; black for Syria’s colonial history.

Flag of TajikistanFlag of Thailand

Flag of Tajikistan

3 colors: red, white, green.
Meaning of the flag of Tajikistan: Red represents Tajikistan’s independence and the land; white stands for the country’s purity and the cotton industry; green symbolizes Tajikistan’s agriculture. The crown and stars stand for Tajik sovereignty, the union of workers and the unity of Tajikistan’s social classes.

Flag of Thailand

3 colors: red, blue, white.
Meaning of the flag of Thailand: Blue is the national color of Thailand, representing the Thai monarchy; white is for purity and is the color of Buddhism, the main religion of Thailand.

Flag of TurkeyFlag of Turkmenistan

Flag of Turkey

2 colors: red, white.
Meaning of the flag of Turkey: As mentioned in the Holy Koran, the star in the flag of Turkey symbolizes the Morning Star. Both the white crescent and the star are symbols of Islam.

Flag of Turkmenistan

3 colors: green, red, white.
Meaning of the flag of Turkmenistan: The green background stands for Islam, as well as the white crescent and the five stars. The five white five-pointed stars represent the five regions of Turkmenistan. The vertical red stripe with five popular carpet designs symbolizes the famous carpet industry of the nation.

Flag of United Arab EmiratesFlag of Uzbekistan

Flag of United Arab Emirates

4 colors: green, white, black, red.
Meaning of the flag of United Arab Emirates: The colors in the UAE flag are pan-Arab ones and are also found on the flags of other Arab nations. Black stands for Islam’s early history with many wars in the Middle East during the first caliphates until around 1258 AD and also represents the oil of UAE; green is after the Fatimids Caliphate in the region and also symbolizes fertility and the greenery of the country; red is for the Ottomans and also for the blood and valor of wars; white is for peace and purity.

Flag of Uzbekistan

4 colors: blue, white, green, red.
Meaning of the flag of Uzbekistan: Blue represents water and the firmament; white is for peace; green symbolizes the abundant green vegetation on the fertile lands. The red stripes are the vital force of all living organisms that links good and pure ideas with the eternal sky and with deeds on earth. The moon represents Islam and the new birth of the nation. The 12 stars of the flag of Uzbekistan are for the twelve months of a year.

Flag of VietnamFlag of Yemen

Flag of Vietnam

2 colors: red, yellow.
Meaning of the flag of Vietnam: There are more than one interpretations of the design of the flag of Vietnam. In the past, red was representative of the independence struggle of Vietnam; yellow symbolized the color of Vietnamese people; the five-pointed stars was for 5 traditional divisions of the people including scholars, peasants, craftmen, merchants and soldiers. After the establishment of Communism in Vietnam red was considered to represent the revolution of the working class; the yellow star was recognized to depict the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Flag of Yemen

3 colors: red, white, black.
Meaning of the flag of Yemen: Since the population of Yemen essentially belongs to the Arab race, the three colors of the national flag of Yemen has the pan-Arab colors. Red stands for the blood spilt during the fight for freedom; white represents hope; black is for the dark past of Yemen.

Countries unrecognized, partially recognized or dispute

Flag of AbkhaziaFlag of Nagorno Karabakh

Flag of Abkhazia

3 colors: green, white, red.
Meaning of the flag of Abkhazia: The canton is the symbol of Abkhazian statehood. The Abkhazian Kingdom first emerged in about 700-900 AD but the hand symbol appears on Genoese portolanos from the 13th-14th centuries. Moreover, in the Middle Ages, a dark red flag with a hand flew over Sabastopol at the site of the current capital of Abkhazia, Sukumi. The stars symbolize the seven main regions of historical Abkhazia: Sadzen (Dzhigetia), Bzyp, Gomaa, Abzhwa, Samurzaq’an, Dal-Ts’abal, and Pshoy-Aybga. Abkhazians (like many other peoples) also consider number seven as sacred and is widely attested in their religion, mythology and traditional culture. The stars all have five points because it is viewed as an ancient astrological symbol. The green and white stripes (seven in total) indicate religious tolerance and peaceful coexistence of Islam and Christianity. This pattern is also connected to the historical flag of the North Caucasus Republic, which consisted of seven republics.

Flag of Nagorno Karabakh

4 colors: red, blue, orange, white.
Meaning of the flag of Nagorno Karabakh: Based on the flag of Armenia, the flag of Nagorno Karabakh reflects the ties between them. The pointing arrow represents Artsakh’s current separation from Armenia and its hopes for union with the motherland. The design is also similar to the one in the world famous Armenia rugs.

Flag of South OssetiaFlag of Taiwan

Flag of South Ossetia

3 colors: white, red, yellow.
Meaning of the flag of South Ossetia: White represents moral purity; red stands for martial courage; yellow is for wealth and prosperity. The flags of North Ossetia-Alania and South Ossetia are almost identical. The only difference is their aspect ratio. The division of colors on the flags is said to symbolize the social structure of ancient Ossetian society, divided into three social groups forming an organic whole: military aristocracy, clergy and ordinary people.

Flag of Taiwan

3 colors: red, blue, white.
Meaning of the flag of Taiwan: The three colors in the flag of Taiwan stand for the Three Principles of the People given by Sun Yat-sen, the first president of the Republic of China. Blue represents Nationalism and Liberty; white is for Democracy and Equality; red signifies the people’s Livelihood and Fraternity, as well as the earth and the blood of the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the Republic. The twelve rays in the white sun symbolize the twelve months of the year and also the traditional twelve divisions of the day into two-hour intervals, known as shichen.

Flag of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Flag of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

2 colors: white, red.
Meaning of the flag of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus: The flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is very similar to the flag of Turkey, with their elements and colors representing Islam. White was replaced by the red; red by the white. Two red strips were added but the crescent and star have remained unchanged.

Special entities recognized by international treaty or agreement

Flag of Hong KongFlag of Macau

Flag of Hong Kong

2 colors: red, white.
Meaning of the flag of Hong Kong: Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China. In the flag of Hong Kong, red stands for zest, celebration and a festive mood. The flower is symbolizes harmony and the dichotomy between China and Hong Kong. Each of the petals has a five-pointed red star representing communism and socialism.

Flag of Macau

3 colors: green, white, yellow.
Meaning of the flag of Macau: The background green of the national flag of Macau is probably mare calusumps. The five golden stars are used after the flag of the People’s Republic of China. Their position over the lotus flower means that Macau is China’s water lily. The Lotus is the Asian symbol for purity, justice and love.

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